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Apply for a limited sole inheritance certificate

A sole inheritance certificate shows that you alone are the legal successor to the testator. This is the case if you are the sole heir due to legal succession or the deceased person designated you as the sole or universal heir in the will or on the basis...

A sole inheritance certificate shows that you alone are the legal successor to the testator. This is the case if you are the sole heir due to legal succession or the deceased person designated you as the sole or universal heir in the will or on the basis of an inheritance contract.

You can apply for a limited certificate of inheritance at the probate court. If parts of the estate (inherited assets) are located abroad, this certificate of inheritance is limited to the estate located in Germany.

A restricted certificate of inheritance should be applied for if this will speed up the process of issuing the certificate of inheritance (for example because no foreign inheritance law needs to be determined), or because the certificate of inheritance is not needed abroad and the restriction can save costs.

Important notes

Prerequisites

  • You are the sole heir.
  • You inherit an inheritance that includes items at home and abroad.

Documents required

  • Your official photo ID (ID card or passport)
  • Death certificate of the testator, i.e. the deceased person
  • If necessary, documents to document your status as legal heir, for example:
    • Family register
    • Marriage certificates of the testator
    • Birth certificates of the testator's children and grandchildren
    • Adoption documents
    • Divorce decrees with legal effect
  • Proof why certain people who would actually be (co-)heirs are not heirs, for example:
    • Death certificates of children and grandchildren or the testator's spouse
    • Declarations of renunciation of inheritance
    • Inheritance waivers
  • If necessary, submission or information about wills or inheritance contracts
  • Information about whether there is a court case regarding your inheritance law
  • For married couples, proof of matrimonial property regime
  • For registered civil partnerships, proof of assets
  • Statement or proof that estate items are located abroad

If the testator himself had no children, the following must be submitted:
  • Birth certificate of the testator
  • If applicable, death certificates of the testator's parents
  • If applicable, birth certificates of the testator's siblings
  • If applicable, death certificates of the testator's siblings
  • If applicable, birth certificates of the testator's nieces and nephews

In addition, marriage certificates must be submitted by heirs if their last name has changed as a result of the marriage.

Please note

To prove your status as an heir in the case of legal succession (i.e. if there is no will or inheritance contract), you must submit various documents. The aim is to provide evidence of all events in your family that are relevant to inheritance law and relate to the testator. These can be marriage, divorce, births of children, deaths, inheritance renunciations and the like. If you are unsure about what documents you need to submit, you can ask your local probate court.

Deadlines

No

Procedure & Fees

Procedure

You apply for a sole inheritance certificate at the responsible probate court (usually the court in whose district the deceased last lived):

  • Submit an application for a sole inheritance certificate to be issued there
  • Use the form provided: Appointment, inheritance certificate application
  • Attach all required documents.
  • Alternatively, you can submit the application
    • through an authorized person, such as a notary or a lawyer, or
    • declare on record in court.
  • Submit an affirmation in lieu of oath in person before the district court or before a notary. This assures you that you are not aware of anything that would conflict with the accuracy of the information you provided in the inheritance certificate application.
    • This is not necessary if the district court waives it.
    • If a notary certifies the insurance under oath, this person can certify the inheritance certificate application at the same time.
  • The district court checks your eligibility and issues the certificate of inheritance.

Processing time

The processing time depends on the complexity of the inheritance case and the respective local court.

Fees


  • The amount of the fee depends on the value of the estate in Germany after deducting the debts of the deceased.

  • The issuance of a sole inheritance certificate by the probate court costs, for example

    • with an estate value of EUR 30,000 EUR 125.00,

    • with an estate value of EUR 100,000 EUR 273.00 and

    • with an estate value of EUR 500,000 EUR 935.00.


  • In addition, you must pay the same amount of fees for notarizing an affidavit at the probate court or at a notary. In addition, there may be writing expenses and sales tax.

  • Table of fees: Court and Notary Fees Act (GNotKG) Annex 2 (to Section 34 Paragraph 3)

  • An advance on costs is required for applicants residing abroad.

Legal notes

Legal remedies

Complaint




If there are conflicting interests in the inheritance certificate procedure before the probate court, the probate court may not issue the certificate of inheritance immediately. The district court issues a decision in which it states that it considers the facts necessary to justify the application for a certificate of inheritance to have been established. According to Sections 58 and 63 FamFG, those involved then have the opportunity to lodge a so-called appeal against this decision within a period of one month. The certificate of inheritance will only be issued if no one has lodged a complaint against the probate court's decision after the one-month period has expired and the decision has therefore become legally binding. In addition, according to Section 59 FamFG, the person who was unable to convince the probate court with their arguments in the inheritance certificate procedure and whose rights are thereby impaired can file a complaint.



challenge


By applying for the certificate of inheritance, the inheritance is automatically deemed to have been accepted - it is then no longer possible to renounce the inheritance.


Heirs can then only avert the inheritance by contesting the acceptance of the inheritance. However, a reason must be proven that justifies the challenge (for example certain errors).


It is recommended that you seek legal advice from a lawyer. The district court is not allowed to provide legal advice.



Application for confiscation of the certificate of inheritance

Legal basis

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