The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg is both a municipality and a city-state within the Federal Republic of Germany. There is no distinction between these administrative tasks, meaning that city-wide government is organised on state-level through the Hamburg State Parliament (Bürgerschaft). Some of the links listed below are available in German only.
- Hamburg is a city-state within the Federal Republic of Germany
- Government is separated into legislative, executive and judicial powers
- The President of the state parliament is Carola Veit and the First Mayor is Olaf Scholz
The Hamburg State Parliament (Bürgerschaft) is the legislature of Hamburg and consists of 121 deputies, currently presided by Social Democrat Carola Veit. Responsibilities of the Bürgerschaft include law creation, amendment and ratification and the election of the First Mayor of Hamburg. Elections to the Bürgerschaft take place every five years and are open to Hamburg residents of German citizenship that are 16 years of age and older.
The seven districts (Bezirke) of Hamburg each have their own local parliament (Bezirksversammlung) consisting of 45, 51 or 57 representatives that preside over questions of local importance to the districts. Elections take place in parallel to elections to the Bürgerschaft and are open to Hamburg residents with European citizenship that are 18 years or older.
Executive power of the Hamburg government lies with the Senate or State Cabinet, which includes the Senators (called Ministers elsewhere) of the different ministries (Behörden) and is headed by the First Mayor, currently Olaf Scholz. The Senate is responsible for Hamburg’s law enforcement, the city’s day-to-day management and its representation to the German Federal Government and other countries.
The Constitutional Court (Hamburgisches Verfassungsgericht), the highest court in Hamburg’s judicial system, is responsible for the interpretation of the Constitution of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg and the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany.